multiple use of water

In irrigation systems throughout the world, water is used for all kinds of purposes, such as bathing and laundry - multiple use of irrigation water.  On the other hand, water from home taps is used for watering vegetable gardens – multiple use of domestic water.  At river basin level, water is allocated to cities, industry, agriculture and nature – multiple use of rivers.  While this is common practice worldwide, local answers to various water uses are not always appropriate.  Hence unplanned uses may cause damage (e.g. livestock trampling canal banks), or lead to conflicts (e.g. water shortages for drinking), or create health hazards (e.g. upstream industry affecting water quality).  water health advises on design and operation of multipurpose water systems, as well as on improvement of human health through multiple use water services.

project: multiple use of water in Ethiopia

water health provides inputs on health, water quality and case studies in the Ethiopia-based MUStRAIN project. The project is funded by the Partners for Water programme, led by the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, with the RAIN foundation and Quest-consult as additional partners in the Netherlands, and RiPPLE and others in Ethiopia (Jan-Dec 2013). 

For this project water health presented case studies, with a focus on wells for multiple uses at the Seminar on Multiple Use Water Services in the context of Dutch policy and practice, 26 June 2013, the International Water House, The Hague:


earlier work

External advisor on multiple use of water, health issues and small reservoirs in reflection workshop of the Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF), February 2012, Montpellier, France.